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Monday, November 1, 2021

Climate change: Can India meet its zero carbon emissions targets?

 Climate change: Can India meet its zero carbon emissions targets?

The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi has set a target of zero greenhouse gas emissions in India by 2070 in the COP-26 International Conference on Climate Change.

The target is much later than other countries attending the Climate Change Summit in Glasgow.

India is the third largest emitter of carbon dioxide in the world after China and the United States.

Due to India's rapidly growing population and heavy reliance of the economy on coal and oil, its carbon dioxide emissions are increasing rapidly and cannot be reduced unless it is reduced. Don't take drastic measures.

What emissions has India promised to reduce so far?

India has resisted setting a target for an overall reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, saying that industrialized countries should bear the brunt of this burden as they emit harmful gases into the atmosphere over time. Contributed greatly to emissions.

India says the 'emissions intensity' target, which reflects a country's economic growth, is a better way to compare it with other countries.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said that India will reduce the carbon emissions of its economy by 45% by 2030. India's target to reduce carbon emissions is much higher than its previous target of 2005-2030, in which India reiterated a reduction of 33 to 35 per cent.
However, a reduction in carbon emissions does not necessarily mean a reduction in overall greenhouse gas emissions.
India's rapid growth in recent years has been due to its dependence on fossil fuels. Which causes most of the country's greenhouse gas emissions.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says the goal of zero global emissions, where no country in the world is increasing the total amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, is limited to a 1.5 degree Celsius rise in temperature by 2050. The minimum required to do.

And 130 countries around the world have made public commitments to meet that goal.

The Prime Minister of India has promised to reduce its energy from fossil fuels by 2030 and increase its energy capacity to 500 gigawatts from other sources.
This is a difficult target as India currently has 100 gigawatts of energy from other sources and last year set a target of 175 gigawatts by next year.

Similarly, in 2015, India promised to generate 40% of its electricity generation by 2030 without the use of fossil fuels, ie oil and coal.

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